Tourism – Meaning, Definition, Nature & Characteristics, Purpose, Components, Scope and forms

Meaning :

The tourism word derived from the Greek Latin word “tornus,” which means a circle. Travel starts at the point of a circle and ends at the same point in the same circle.
Tourism is a short temporary short term movement of people from one place to another place for any purpose such as leisure, pleasure, entertainment, sports, etc.. tourist stays at least 24 hours at the destination and not involve any earning activities and finally come back to their origin place.

Definition :

According to UNWTO, “IT contains the activities of persons traveling to and staying in areas outside their own environment for not more than one continuous year for leisure, pleasure and other purposes not related to the earning activity inside the destination.

Tourism helps in empowerment generation, foreign currency exchange, the balance of payments. Tourism contributes to the economic development of a country.
On tourism are some problems for the middle. Higher class people think about travel due to they have leisure time and leisure income. Middle-class people only when thinking than they have leisure income and time.

Nature and Characteristics of Tourism :

1. Intangible

Intangible means cannot physically be seen, handled, touch, smell, or test only feel and experience; for example, in a hotel, the guest feels the service or nobility of the hotel staff.

2 Inseparability 

tourists cannot be separated from the destination. Tourism goes to the destination to enjoy and feel the destination. Tourism products and services are produced and consumed together.

3 Perishability

Tourism is highly perishable. Tourism products or services cannot be stored. For example, 50 rooms in a hotel: 25 are booked, in a day, the remaining 25 cannot save for a new day.

4. Heterogeneity

tourism has no homogeneity. It is highly variability or heterogeneity. For example, a Vector cannot give the same service to every guest or every day.

5. The absence of ownership 

tourism has not ownership when a person purchases a car than car his own. In the case of tourism, the tourist book room for one day. He has ownership of the use of room one day, not permanently purchase.


Purpose of tourism :

1. Leisure 

leisure means free or advance. In 24 hours, after doing all the daily scheduled activities have an amount a time that is called leisure. People also save their free time or income to goes tour pe vacation.

2 Recreation 

means an annual or weekend goes to tour for relaxation or fun activities.

3. Holiday 

a particular destination or site users to spend the holiday.

4. Health 

changing of climate, doctors, recommended for the health lead outside their resident, for example, spa, hot spring bath.

5. Education 

especially for higher education. When the student prepared a field trip report, so they are travel to different destinations. This is an educational purpose.

6. Religion 

Religion is one of the essential purposes of tourism. Most people travel for their religious object such as Hindu goes four Dham and Muslim goes hajj to fulfill their specific promises to deities and as well as some religious event such as Kumbha fair.

7. Sports

sports play an essential role in attracting the people at the national and international levels, for example, cricket world cup, Olympics games.

8 Business 

Business is not the purpose of tourism, but sometimes when people travel for business, they are after the conference or meeting a nearby travel destination.

Components of Tourism :

tourism does not exist without his components. These components make tourism easy. Components of tourism referred to 4 ‘A’ OF Tourism.

1. Attraction

attraction refers to destination Thai is pulled or attract the tourist. The attraction may be natural ( national parks, wildlife sanctuaries ), human-made ( historical or cultural monuments.

2 Accessibility 

accessibility means how to reach, i.e., transportation _road rail, air.
Availability makes the destination accessible if a destination has poor connectivity of transportation that destination is unpopular. If a destination has high connectivity with transport, then it will be famous among the tourist.

3 Accommodation 

accommodation means place of stay, rest for the tourist. Accommodation is the most crucial component of tourism. At a destination, tourists need a place to eat, shop, stay overnight of a destination.

4 Amenities 

mean necessary facilities such as medical aid, foreign currency, safety, and security and communication facilities.
Incredible India influx of tourist footfall from both overseas and domestic destinations.

Scope Of Tourism:

Incredible India influx of tourist footfall from both overseas and domestic destinations. Tourism is an integral part of a country for economic opportunities.
Cultural thought, views exchange through tourism. Create empowerment opportunities for a resident. It is a significant source of income and foreign currency exchange. Tourism is not economic activity but also national development, cultural change.

1. Travel agency 

The travel agency is a solo company connected with transportation, accommodation. Its primary purpose of making all arrangements for tourists. Some position are includes
1. Travel agent
2.Travel consultants
3. Manager
4. Travel agency prepared travel packages as per the demand of tourists.

2. Tour operator 

The tour operator has his own all functions, .such as transportation, hotel; it is selling their package.

3. A respected country manages the tourism department 

The tourism department of govt. Make all policies and rules related to tourism.

4. Hospitality

This means the accommodation sector, the scope of tourism in the hotel, resort spa, restaurants. In the hospitality sector, scope as a manager, receptionist, vector cooked, etc.

5. Aviation 

In the aviation scope of tourism at the airport, airlines, and city offices.

6. Education and research 

Scope of tourism in education as a lecturer and professors, etc. And in research, Ph.D. in tourism based on research.

7. Tour guide 

Scope with the tour guide in tourism in most crucial. Tour guide word at the destination. He gives the Information about a particular destination to the tourist.

Forms of Tourism :

There is a different form of tourism, domestic, international.

1. Domestic 

domestic tourism refers that travel within the boundary of a country for leisure, pleasure business.

2. International tourism 

International tourism is divided into some parts
A. Inbound tourism
B. Outbound tourism
C. Intra-regional tourism
D. Inter-regional tourism

A. Inbound tourism 

when a tourist received by a host country that is called inbound tourism. Inbound tourism help in the employment generation, foreign currency exchange, the balance of payments, etc.

B. Outbound tourist 

outbound tourism means when a tourist from India goes to America that is outbound tourism for India.

C. Intraregional tourism 

when tourism travels within one region that is Asia. Tourists travel from India to Sri Lanka with In the boundary of a continent.

D. Inter-regional tourism 

when tourist travel one region (America)
to another region (Africa ) that is called inter-regional tourism. Leisure means free or advance. In 24 hours, after doing all the daily scheduled activities have an amount a time that is called leisure.
People also save their free time or income to goes tour pe vacation.

Note :  Topic. Parts. Sub Parts.